Govt Structure and Definitions

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State
A nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government. For instance "Germany, Italy, and other European states” Synonyms Country, nation, land.
Government
  1. The group of people with the authority to govern a country or state; a particular ministry in office.
  2. The act or process of governing, especially the control and administration of public policy in a political unit.
  3. The office, function, or authority of a governing individual or body.
  4. The agency or apparatus through which a governing individual or body functions and exercises authority.
  5. Exercise of authority in a political unit; rule.
A governing body or organization, as:
  • The ruling political party or coalition of political parties in a parliamentary system.
  • The cabinet in a parliamentary system.
  • The persons who make up a governing body.
Ministry
A governmental department presided over by a minister.
  1. The building in which such a department is housed.
  2. The duties, functions, or term of a governmental minister.
  3. Often Ministry Governmental ministers considered as a group.
Minister
  1. A high officer of state appointed to head an executive or administrative department of government.
  2. An authorized diplomatic representative of a government, usually ranking next below an ambassador.
Cabinet
A body of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister to head the executive departments of the government and to act as official advisers.
Prime Minister
The head of the cabinet and often also the chief executive of a parliamentary democracy.
Department
A division of a large organization such as a government, dealing with a specific area of activity.
Division
A division of a large organization such as a government, dealing with a specific area of activity.
  • An area of government or corporate activity organized as an administrative or functional unit.
  • A territorial section marked off for political or governmental purposes.
Autonomous Body
  1. Independent of the laws of another state or government; self-governing
  2. Of or relating to a self-governing entity
  3. Self-governing with respect to local or internal affairs
Institution
An established organization or foundation, especially one dedicated to education, public service, or culture.
Center
  1. A place where a particular activity or service is concentrated,
  2. A point of origin, as of influence, ideas, or actions
  3. A person or thing that is the chief object of attention, interest, activity, or emotion.
  4. A political group or a set of policies representing a moderate view between those of the right and the left.
Board
  1. An organized body of administrators or investigators: BISE, Board of trustee, Board of directors etc
  2. An electrical-equipment panel.
Council
An assembly of persons called together for consultation, deliberation, or discussion. A body of people elected or appointed to serve as administrators, legislators, or advisors.
Corporate
  1. A body that is granted a charter recognizing it as a separate legal entity having its own rights, privileges, and liabilities distinct from those of its members.
  2.  Such a body created for purposes of government. Also called body corporate.
  3. A group of people combined into or acting as one body.
Semi Autonomous Entity
  1. Partially self-governing.
  2. Having the powers of self-government within a larger organization or structure.
Academy
Academy is an institution of higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
Foundation
  1. The act of founding, especially the establishment of an institution with provisions for future maintenance.
  2. The basis on which a thing stands, is founded, or is supported.
  3.  
    • Funds for the perpetual support of an institution; an endowment.
    • An institution founded and supported by an endowment.
Authority
  1.  
    • The power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge
    • One that is invested with this power, especially a government or body of government officials
  2. Power assigned to another; authorization
  3. A public agency or corporation with administrative powers in a specified field
Fund
  1.  
    • A sum of money or other resources set aside for a specific purpose
    • funds Available money; ready cash
  2. An organization established to administer and manage a sum of money
Private Limited Company
A limited company is a company in which the liability of members or subscribers of the company is limited to what they have invested or guaranteed to the company. Limited companies may be limited by shares or by guarantee.
Body Corporate
A legal entity (such as association, company, government, government agency or institution) identified by particular name. also called corporation, corporate entity , corporate entity.
Public Limited Company
A company registered under the Companies Act (1980), with statutory minimum capital requirements and shares offered to the public subject to conditions of limited liability.
Commission
  1. An instruction, command, or role given to a person or group
  2. A group of people entrusted by a government or other official body with authority to do something.
Bank
A financial institution licensed as a receiver of deposits.
Committee
A group of people appointed for a specific function by a larger group and typically consisting of members of that group.
Trust
An arrangement whereby a person (a trustee) holds property as its nominal owner for the good of one or more beneficiaries.
Bureau
An office or department for transacting particular business.
Cell
A small group acting as a unit within a larger organization.