Role of Government in Development

Home / Role of Government in Development
Since 1947 Pakistani officials have sought a high rate of economic growth in an effort to lift the population out of poverty. Rapid industrialization was viewed as a basic necessity and as a vehicle for economic growth. For more than two decades, economic expansion was substantial, and growth of industrial output was striking.

In the 1960s, the country was considered a model for other developing countries. Rapid expansion of the economy, however, did not alleviate widespread poverty. In next decade, although a high rate of growth was sought; greater attention was given to income distribution. In the recent decade a more equitable distribution of income remained an important but elusive goal of government policy.

Over the past couple of years great decision making authorities have been assigned to provincial government. The 18th constitutional amendment has devolved a number of key functions to provinces. In total functions of seventeen ministries have been devolved to meet the institutional and capacity challenges at provincial level and to cope with. Furthermore great share of revenue have been passed to provinces through NFC Award. In recent age main focus has been given to the areas of education, health, infrastructure, energy, youth development and poverty reduction strategies.

Following table provides the detail of allocations of P&D division schemes for the year 2013-14:
PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT DIVISION (Million Rupees)
G. Sl. No. Name of the Scheme Approval Status Estimated Cost Total Foreign Aid Expenditure upto June 2013 Throw forward as on 01-07-13 Foreign Aid Allocation 2013-14 Rupee Total
On-going Schemes:
856 Development of National Integrated Energy Modeling System for Pakistan (Only for ongoing activities) Approved 260.241 193.000 202.816 57.425 0.000 3.000 3.000
857 Establishment of Environment Section in Planning & Development Division, Islamabad (Only for ongoing activities) DDWP
3-6-2009
39.317 0.000 37.250 2.067 0.000 6.000 6.000
858 Establishment of Special Project Cell Islamabad (Only for ongoing activities) DDWP
10-12-2010
40.386 0.000 24.676 15.710 0.000 12.272 12.272
859 Inspector General Development Projects, Balochistan (Phase-II) (Quetta) CDWP
30-4-2009
77.986 0.000 31.473 46.513 0.000 6.900 6.900
860 Institutional Co-operation Programme, Islamabad (Norwegian Grant) CDWP
17-2-2010
353.280 353.280 194.300 158.980 120.000 0.000 120.000
861 Institutional Strengthening and Efficiency Enhancement of Planning Commission / Planning & Development Division Islamabad CDWP
30-4-2009
144.136 0.000 79.144 64.992 0.000 40.000 40.000
862 Lowering of Water in Attabad Landslide Lake (Hunza) CDWP
21-2-2013
995.000 0.000 852.500 142.500 0.000 142.500 142.500
863 Monitoring of PSDP Financed Projects (Only for ongoing activities) 360.000 0.000 234.267 125.733 0.000 20.000 20.000
864 Promoting Professional Excellence in Planning Commission Islamabad CDWP
19-11-2009
346.063 0.000 209.289 136.774 0.000 136.774 136.774
865 Restructuring Pakistan Institute of Development Economics to Function as a World Class Centre of Excellence for Research and Post Graduate Teaching by Improving Infrastructure and Building Capacity (for Overseas Training only) Islamabad CDWP
1-3-2008
201.694 0.000 191.694 10.000 0.000 10.000 10.000
866 Up-gradation of Jawaid Azfar Computer Centre (Only for ongoing activities) 120.032 0.000 115.332 4.700 0.000 4.700 4.700
867 Up-gradation of PPMI (Phase-II)  (Only for ongoing activities) CDWP
3-11-2010
841.400 0.000 800.000 41.400 0.000 41.400 41.400
  Total (On-going) 3779.535 546.280 2972.741 806.794 120.000 423.546 543.546
  New Schemes:
868 Development Communications Project Un-Approved 300.000 0.000 0.000 300.000 0.000 250.000 250.000
869 Youth Development Fellows Programme Un-Approved 50.000 0.000 0.000 50.000 0.000 10.000 10.000
870 Reform and Innovation in Government for High Performance 0.000 0.000 1000.000 1000.000
871 Research / Workshops  & Feasibility Studies 0.000 0.000 500.000 500.000
872 Un-Funded / Under Funded Important Projects 0.000 0.000 8355.100 8355.100
873 New Development Initiatives 0.000 115000.000 115000.000
  Total (New) 350.000 0.000 0.000 350.000 0.000 125115.100 125115.100
  Total (Planning) 4129.535 546.280 2972.741 1156.794 120.000 125538.646 125658.646